TKPAINT HOME PAGE
By: Samy Zafrany
March 14, 2000.
Current version: Tkpaint 1.6 (March 14, 2000)
This release adds the DASH line styles that were introduced to
Tcl/Tk version 8.30.
Therefore Tcl/Tk 8.3 or higher is required to run tkpaint 1.6 !
If you did not upgraded to Tcl 8.3, then stick to tkpaint 1.52.
Tkpaint is a graphics program based on the canvas widget of the tool command language Tcl/Tk, for drawing book quality figures, slide presentations, diagrams, and pictures. It can be very useful for book writers (who like to draw their figures), papers writers, lecturers who need to prepare good quality slides without having to learn too much technical details, struggle with monstrous programs, and spend too much money. It is available for both Windows and Unix platforms (see below).
Tkpaint is free, extremely easy to learn and use, and very small compared to other comercial programs (about 140 KB of Tcl code or 1.5 MB compiled to exe). Within a few minutes you can master all the tkpaint menus and buttons and create wonderful slides in an unbelievable speed. And then output your figures (or cut and paste) to PostScript files to be used in TeX or LaTeX documents or in any document preparation system that supports PostScript. The figures can also be grabbed (or snagged) by programs like "Paint Shop Pro" and turned into gifs, jpgs, bitmaps, etc.
Here is a screen shot of tkpaint in action with an example of a slide that the author has generated with it (the slide is an exact copy from Friedman's lecture notes on Tcl):
It is possible to draw a variety of two dimensional geometrical objects with it: polygon, rectangle, circle, ellipse, spline, arc, chord, pie slice, and free hand curves. From version 1.3 it is also possible to insert images (bitmaps/gif/ppm/pgm) into the canvas and to edit foreground and background colors of bitmaps. You can select fill and outline colors. It is possible to draw text in any font, size, color, and stipple. The canvas environment of Tcl/Tk is based on objects or the so called "vector graphics technology", which means that every shape, line, text item, or image are treated as an undivisible units. All actions are performed on these objects: you can create, move, copy, raise, lower, and delete each object as a graphical unit. However, in this application it is also possible to select a group of objects and perform various actions on all the objects in the group: edit their outline width and color, edit their interiour color, scale, reflect with respect to the x or y-axis and even rotate the group to any desired angle. The canvas is scrollable (via ctrl-arrow keys) and its initial size is 1500x1500 pixels (it can be extended arbitrarily).
If you want to be informed about news and new releases of tkpaint submit your e-mail here:
The following is the readme file from the 1.52 release:
TKPAINT 1.52 and 1.6 [ win95/NT/Linux ] --------------------------------------------------------- Copyright (C) 1998,1999, 2000 Samy Zafrany [email@example.com] This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation. This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details. You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. OVERVIEW OF TKPAINT ----------------------------- Tkpaint is an easy to use graphics utility based on the canvas widget of the tool command language Tcl/Tk. It can be very useful for drawing simple to complex figures, slide presentations, graphs, and diagrams that involve geometrical shapes, arrows, text, and colors. From version 1.3 it is also possible to insert bitmaps and gif/ppm/pgm images, and from version 1.5 more graphics formats are supported via the Img package. There is a large variety of operations that can be performed on a group of objects: scaling, rotation, relocation, reflection, and deformation with respect to inclination. Among many possible uses, tkpaint can be very useful for books/papers writers who like to draw their figures by themselves (don't assume that someone else will do it better than you!). It is easy to get an encapsulated PostScript output (EPS), and then to include it inside TeX or LaTeX files (via the epsf macro package). Tkpaint is very easy to learn, and with little experience it is possible to produce book quality slides in a short time. With more experience it is possible to produce unbelievably complex figures. UNIX users who use XFIG or XPAINT may find TKPAINT more suitable for some of the things that they are trying to do. PLATFORMS --------------- Tkpaint 1.6 was developed on: 1. Pentium/Win95/Linux + wish 8.3 2. PentiumPro/NT4/Linux + wish 8.3 It should run well on such platforms. The Unix port of tkpaint is maintained by Victor B. Wagner (firstname.lastname@example.org), which has integrated the Img extension in it and has an Autoconf configure script. According to Victor B. Wagner, tkpaint 1.4 works well under BSDI, Solaris and Linux. The same is expected about tkpaint 1.5, 1.51, and 1.52. Please visit http://www.ice.ru/~vitus/misc/tkpaint.html for more details and to download. Warning !!! - Tkpaint 1.6 will not work under Tcl/Tk versions prior to 8.3 !!! RESOURCES ----------------- New versions of this program are availabe via: 1. http://www.netanya.ac.il/~samy/tkpaint.html (Tkpaint homepage) 2. www.neosoft.com/tcl/ftparchive/sorted/graphics/tkpaint 3. ftp.neosoft.com/pub/tcl/sorted/graphics/tkpaint 4. It is recommended that you also install the "Img package" of Jan Nijtmans: http://home.wxs.nl/~nijtmans. It is not necessary for tkpaint to work but it will enable you to load more graphic formats to your slide. The first site is the "official" homepage of tkpaint. It has more info and some nice screen shots, and will always be more updated than the others. Those that are interested to be informed about new releases and news about tkpaint may enter their e-mail via the form there. (or send me your e-mail to: email@example.com, but I prefer you do it via the form) INSTALLATION --------------- WIn95/NT: There is not much to do. If you have tcl/tk 8.3 installed then you may want to install the source package (tkpaint-src.zip). Just unzip the package somewhere on your disk, and create a shortcut to tkpaint.tcl. If you do not have Tcl/Tk installed then you may install the tkpaint-exe package anywhere you like and create a shortcut to tkpaint.exe. If you have an old installation of tkpaint, you may want to save your tkpaint.ini file (if you have done any special changes to it) before proceeding with the new installation, or else your old tkpaint.ini will be overwritten by the default tkpaint.ini. Note: the Img extension is not wrapped in tkpaint.exe. This means that only gif, ppm, pgm, and bitmap images can be loaded. If someone knows how to wrap the Img extension in tkpaint.exe I will be happy to hear how. Unix: The Unix port of tkpaint is maintained by Victor B. Wagner (firstname.lastname@example.org), which has integrated the Img extension in it and has an Autoconf configure script. According to Victor B. Wagner, tkpaint 1.4 worked well under BSDI, Solaris and Linux. So I expect that version 1.6 will continue to work well on these Platforms. Please visit http://www.ice.ru/~vitus/misc/tkpaint.html for more details and to download. NEW FEATURES FOR VERSION 1.6: ------------------------------ * Mainly added several dash line styles (under the "Line" menu) * Warning !!! - Tkpaint 1.6 will not work under Tcl/Tk versions prior to 8.3 !!! * Some minor bug fixes (now you can send PostScript output to GhostView under Windows NT). NEW FEATURES FOR VERSION 1.52: ------------------------------ * Replaced old gifs (for toolbar buttons) with new transparent gifs. * Some more bug fixes, mainly related to grabs on toplevel windows. * Looks quite stable by now. * Fixed path problems to make tkpaint run on macintosh too. NEW FEATURES FOR VERSION 1.51: ------------------------------ * Fixed the "Zoom/No snap" bug (graphics snap size somehow increased too even if snap was off). * Fixed bug related to long file names with spaces (like "c:/Program Files/tkpaint/..."). This problem occured with pic files, preference files, and image files. Tkpaint did not open such files. Typical bug. NEW FEATURES FOR VERSION 1.5: ----------------------------- * ZOOM: Now it is possible to zoom up your drawing and to perform sensitive editing. Read more below. * MORE IMAGE TYPES: JPEG, BMP (windows!), XPM, TIFF, PNG, and POSTSCRIPT. All these goodies are available only if you install the "Img package" of Jan Nijtmans: http://home.wxs.nl/~nijtmans Win95/NT may have problems with POSTSCRIPT loading though. Tkpaint.exe does not have the Img extension. I simply do not know yet how to compile it with the tclpro compiler. If you know how to do it, I will be happy to get it from you. * SCROLLBARS! Well, after too many requests from users, I have added scrollbars to the tkpaint canvas. It's not so bad as I thought it will look like (for myself, I still prefer the arrows keys!). * TEXT SCALING In earlier versions, when choosing a group of objects for scaling, text objects were left unchanged while all other objects got resized. This is no longer the case for version 1.5! From now on when scaling a group of objects, the text objects are scaled with respect to the X direction. * IMPROVED GRID SELECTOR Now it is much easier to select the grid and snap parameters (previously slightly confusing). Note, however, that a distinction is made between grid and snap. Mainly, they are independent of each other. Some people like to have a grid with no snap . Othres prefer to have snap with no grid, and sometimes you need a grid and snap with different sizes. All is possible with the new grid selector. It is also possible to select grid and snap sizes in cm, mm, or inches. Also read the next item: * IMPORTANT NEWS TO PEOPLE WHO USE PREFERENCE FILES! (*.INI) New graphics parameters were added to tkpaint 1.5, and some old ones were replaced. Sorry for the inconvenience but I am sure that the necessary changes are very easy to do: If you saved preferences files (*.ini or *.rc) edit them manually and make the following changes: Graphics parameters whose name has changed: ------------------------------------------- OLD NEW replace Graphics(gridcell) by Graphics(grid,size) replace Graphics(grid) by Graphics(grid,on) replace Graphics(ticks) by Graphics(ticks,on) replace Graphics(gspacing) by Graphics(grid,snap) You should also add the following new graphics parameters: New graphics parameters: ------------------------ Graphics(snap,on) default value: 0 Graphics(snap,size) default value: 1 Please update your preferneces files (*.ini) with these values. I appologize for the inconvenience this may cause to people with too many preferences files, but these changes really make tkpaint much better. If you overwrite your tkpaint.ini file with the new tkpaint.ini, then you are set, and all is well. New features for Tkpaint 1.51 ---------------------------------- Mainly minor bug fixes. * Fixed the "Zoom/No snap" bug (graphics snap size somehow increased too even if snap was off). * Fixed bug related to long file names with spaces (like "c:/Program Files/tkpaint/..."). This problem occured with pic files, preference files, and image files. Tkpaint did not open such files. Typical bug. * No more bad jokes at the message panel! MORE INFO ON TKPAINT ----------------------- With Tkpaint it is possible to draw a variety of geometrical objects: 1. Polygons 2. Rectangles 3. Rounded rectangles 4. Circles 5. Ellipse 6. Splines 7. Arcs (of circles) 8. Chords (of circle) 9. Pie slices (of circle) 10. Free hand curves. 11. Text in any size, type, color, and stipple. 12. Since version 1.3 it is possible to insert images from files. The supported formats are X BMP, GIF, PPM, PGM. Since version 1.5: If you install the Img package of Jan Nijtmans http://home.wxs.nl/~nijtmans then you can insert images of type: JPEG, WINDOWS BMP, XPM, TIFF, PNG, and POSTSCRIPT. Win95/NT may have problems with POSTSCRIPT though. 13. Since version 1.4 it is possible to edit polygons and lines. That is, it is possible to relocate vertices, add new vertices to existing polygons and lines, and delete vertices. 14. Since version 1.4 you can save and load configuration files (called preferences files). The default file is tkpaint.ini. 15. Since version 1.4 you can deform a group of objects. Read below. The arc, chord, and pieslice way of drawing is especially nice, and the author did not see anything like it in other similar prgrams. I do not know about other programs that support arrows on arcs too! The canvas environment of Tcl/Tk is based on objects, which means that every shape, line, text item, or image are treated as an undivisible unit. All actions are performed on these objects: you can create, move, copy, raise, lower, and delete each object as a graphical unit. However, in this application it is also possible to select a group of objects and perform various actions on all the objects in the group: 1. Edit their outline width and outline color. 2. Edit interiour color. 3. Stretch the group of objects horizontaly, vertically, or in both directions. 4. Copy, move, and delete of a group of objects. 5. Reflect with respect to the x-axis or y-axis. 6. And even rotate the group to any desired angle. 7. It is possible to UNDO the last 50 operations, and then you can REDO the last 50 undo actions. SINCE VERSION 1.4: 8. It is possible to edit lines, polygons (including smooth lines and polygons). This means that you can relocate vertices with the mouse, create new vertices, and delete existing vertices. See the help for more info. 9. It is possible now to change the inclination (deform) of a group of objects. (Like "Italics" in fonts). This is described by the following figure: ----------------- ----------------- | | deform / / | | ------> / / ----------------- ----------------- This operation is very useful for special effects to make slides look more impressive. 10. It is possible to save and load prefernces files. A new file "tkpaint.ini" added to the package. Tkpaint will load this file when it starts if it exists. However, the user may choose any file names for saving his preferences, create multiple preferences files, load them whenever he wants to (even at the midst of work). It is also easy to edit them by hand and thus making it possible to choose special parameters that are hard to get via the menus of tkpaint (like a huge arrow shape, precise color numbers, grid parameters, etc). 11. Tkpaint will accept one command line argumnet. The name of pic to load. This is useful for Unix users or people who use Dos boxes. 12. Some of the more frequently used operations have shortcuts ("accelerators") Not mentioned earlier: since version 1.3, the "Group" menu has the "Select 1 object" item which is useful for picking a single object that may be covered by tons of other objects and therefore the usual selction mechanism is incapable to isolate it for editing. SINCE VERSION 1.5: 13. Zooming is now possible: 50%, 100%, 150%, 200%, 250%, ..., 500%. It is now possible to enlarge the view of the canvas. One warning in place though: since line widths and font sizes have integer values, zooming by 50%, 75%, 150%, 250%, 350%, and 450% may not be completely accurate. The design of the zoom operation in tkpaint makes sure that you do not loose any precision by zooming into one of this factors and then zooming back (no matter how many times you do it). So no harm to the figure or to the precision will happen if you use these zoom factors for viewing only. However drawing any new items at this factors may not be advised. For work sake, it is best to work within the 200%, 300%, 400, and 500% factors. This way, no precision will be lost, and the results will be perfect! 14. If you install the Img package of Jan Nijtmans http://home.wxs.nl/~nijtmans then you can insert images of type: JPEG, windows BMP, XPM, TIFF, PNG, and PostScript. Win95/NT may have problems with PostScript though. 15. SCROLLBARS: Well, after too many requests from users, I have added scrollbars to the tkpaint canvas. It's not so bad as I thought it will look like (for myself, I still prefer the arrows keys with no scrollbars!). 16. IMPORTANT NEWS TO PEOPLE WHO USE PREFERENCE FILES! (*.INI) ---------------------------------------------------------- For emphasis, I repeat here the following: New graphics parameters were added to tkpaint 1.5, and some old ones were replaced. Sorry for the inconvenience but I am sure that the necessary changes are very easy to do: Graphics parameters whose name has changed: ------------------------------------------- OLD NEW Graphics(gridcell) was replaced by Graphics(grid,size) Graphics(grid) was replaced by Graphics(grid,on) Graphics(ticks) was replaced by Graphics(ticks,on) Graphics(gspacing) was replaced by Graphics(grid,snap) New graphics parameters: ------------------------ Graphics(snap,on) default value: 0 Graphics(snap,size) default value: 1 Please update your preferneces files (*.ini) with these values. I appologize for the inconvenience this may cause to people with too many preferences files, but these changes really make tkpaint much better. PRINTING ---------- You may send output to printer if you have gsview installed, or get the output in EPS (encapsulated PostScript) file format or as a Tcl script. Or save as Encapsulated PostScript to be used in TeX/LaTeX files (or any application that supports EPS inclusion) For more information it is best to press the "Help" button or simply play with the program. It is quite easy to use. FILES ----------- If you have downloaded the Tcl source package (tkpaint-src.zip), then you should find the following files: 1. tkpaint.tcl (main program) 2. tkpaint.ini (initialization file - from version 1.4 only) 3. help.tcl (help file) 4. fontsel.tcl (font selection box) 5. arrowshape.tcl (arrow head editor) 6. gifs/*.gif (GIF files directory, it should contain many gif files) 7. COPYING (Gnu general public license) 8. readme (this file) 9. demo.pic (A demo slide) 10. changes (changes made from version to version) The main file is of course tkpaint.tcl. And it should be fed to wish 8.0, 8.03, or prowish. if you have dowloaded the executable package (tkpaint-exe.zip), then you should find there the following files: 1. tkpaint.exe 2. tkpaint.ini 3. readme 4. copying 5. demo file 6. some gif and bitmap files (for the demos) CREDITS -------- 1. Donald K. Fellows (email@example.com) for the wonderful font selection box. It was modified a little to support color selection and some more text size radio buttons. 2. Brent Welsh for his excellent book "Practical Programming in Tcl/Tk". Most of my Tcl education was acquired through this book. Example 31-12 (Simple edit bindings for canvas text items) saved us Lots of trouble. It was, of course, modified to suite tkpaint. 3. My students: Michel Zohar, Yaniv Katan, and Amit Noph whose good ideas, good source code, and especially their snagged gifs (;-), contributed a lot to this program. 4. Christopher Jay Cox (firstname.lastname@example.org) for his inspiring ImPress program. playing with it on the Netscapes browser was really impressive and motivating. Some of the ideas like line width scale and manipulation of group of objects were stollen from ImPress (not the code! just ideas). 5. Since the release of tkpaint 1.0/1.1/1.2/1.3/1.4, I have received many good suggestions and ideas for improvements from users all over the world. Although I have very limited time to spend on tkpaint, I could not resist the cute ones (like reshaping polygons/lins due to Markus Meng) or the more urgent ones (like load/save preferences to file - very essential). Many of the improvemnets in release 1.4 are based on their suggestions. The motivation for the zoom feature in version 1.5 came from David Alan Gilbert (email@example.com) who convinced me about its importance. It turned out that zoom is very easy to implement (contrary to what I thought earlier). Apologies for other people for not being able to implement their suggestions. There are many more interesting improvements to be made, but I have very limited time to devote to tkpaint, and regrettably I will be able to implement only things that fit to this little time that I have. 6. Special thanks goes to Victor B. Wagner for his contributions and for maintaining the Unix port of tkpaint: http://www.ice.ru/~vitus/misc/tkpaint.html and thus making Tkpaint available to Unix users as well. I could not have done it myself. ------- This program could not have been written without the so many ideas and tips that I got from these sources, hence it is free and open as these sources are. BUGS ---------- I hate bugs! If you find any, please let me know as fast as lightning. I will do anything I can to fix them. HISOTORY ---------- Tkpaint started as an experiment for testing Tcl/Tk capabilities in a undergraduate course (on graphical user interfaces) given by me at Netanya Academic College, Israel, Fall 1997. I was just introduced to Tcl/Tk by a friend who thought that it would be a good choice for this course (and, frankly, considering the alternatives, I could not realy avoid it). one of the projects (among others) that came to my mind was to try to create a drawing tool that besides of making an interesting project, will also be useful for educational duties like preparing lecture slides and figures for lecture note, papers, and text books. I have had a long and bad experience with similar programs (which I will not mention here) which where either too simple and deficient or too large and complex to use or install or cost a lot of money. While many of my students worked on this project, I did work on it privately myself. At the end of term, during the grading of their projects, I have integrated many of their ideas and some of their source code to my tkpaint, and after some hard work came up with this final result (tkpaint 1.0). Since its release, more ideas and suggestions and bug fixes flow through internet lines, and hence releases 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.51, 1.52, 1.6. To conclude: I think that Tcl/Tk did provide me with almost anything that I initially wanted for tkpaint to have. My initial plan was to create a small, simple, easy to use tool for creating slides and book figures which does not suffer from the bugs and deficiencies of similar tools, yet this tool should not try to catch up with a monster as Corel Draw or have any of the capabilities of Adobe Photoshop (since these features ar rarely needed for creating simple figures or class slides). With this respect, I think that tkpaint did quite well. The program works very good for me and I am using it constantly with great results. There are, as always, many features that can be added, and many other things can be improved. But one must draw a finish line somewhere. I will, of course, fix bugs and do some simple fix-ups from time to time, or even do a major change if it is strongly demnaded by users, but I do not intend to go ahead and make any major changes to the program (unless I will suddenly become a milioner and be completely relieved from my teachnig and other duties). The only deficiency that irritated me the most was the lack of dash lines in the canvas widget of Tcl/Tk. But after Tcl 8.3 this problem is solved and the Tcl/Tk community can finally enjoy dashed lines without patches. Send bug reports to: ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Samy Zafrany School of Computer Science and Mathematics firstname.lastname@example.org Netanya Academic College Phones: 16 Kibutz-Galuyot Street 972-9-8607738 (Office) Kiriat Yizhack Rabin 972-4-8258140 (Home) Netanya 42365, ISRAEL ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Copyright © 1998,1999,2000 Samy Zafrany. All rights reserved.